Prostate is the development of cancer in the prostate gland in the male reproductive system and occurs only in men. The prostate gland is the size of a walnut and weighs about 20 gramms.
Its job is to engender the seminal fluid which is stored in the seminal vessicle. During sexual intercourse, seminal fluid comes down the urethra and commixes with the sperms engendered in the testicles to compose the semen. So semen technically is not just sperm but amalgamation of both seminal fluid and sperm.
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When a man is affected by prostate cancer, the prostate gland inclines to increment in size from 20gramms – 100grams as this occurs it constricts the urethra and the man commences to descry transmutations in the micturation process.
Note; every man will have prostate enlargement if he lives long enough.
SOME RUDIMENTARY FACTS ABOUT PROSTATE CANCER
-In later stages it can lead to arduousness in micturating, blood in the urine or pain in the pelvis, back or when micturating.
-In the U.S around 209-292 men are diagnosed with cancer per year.
-Prostate cancer mainly occurs in older men-about six cases in ten are diagnosed in men around 65yrs and older.
-Men with high blood pressure are liable to have prostate cancer.
TYPES OF PROSTATE CANCER
Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) Prostatic adenocarcinoma.
Small cell carcinoma.
Squamous cell carcinoma.
Transitional cell carcinoma.
SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF PROSTATE CANCER
-Burning or pain during micturation.
-Arduousness micturating or starting and ceasing while micturating.
-More frequent urges to micturate at night.
-Loss of bladder control. (incontinence)
-Decremented flow or velocity of urine stream.
-Blood in urine (haematuria)
-Blood in semen.
-Arduousness getting an erection (erectile dysfunction)
-Swelling in legs or pelvic area.
-Numbness or pain in the hips, legs or feet.
-Bone pain that doesn’t peregrinate away,or leads to fracture.
RISK FACTORS OF PROSTATE CANCER
About 99% of cases of prostate cancer occurs in those over the age of 40 and above. After the age of 40, due to hormonal transmutes the prostate gland commences to enlarge from 20gramm to a 100gramms and as it enlarges it constricts the urethra and the man commences to descry vicissitudes in the way he micturates.
In the Amalgamated states, prostate cancer affects mostly the ebony Americans, it is most prevalent with the ebony Americans. Men with first degree relatives who are suffering from prostate cancer have double risk of having prostate cancer.
-Dietary factor; According to the U.S National Cancer Institute 33% of cancers today are caused from what we victual .Consumption of some foods like red meat, milk, alcohol doubles the peril of getting prostate cancer.
Also the habit of not taking fruits and vegetables everyday doubles the jeopardy of prostrate cancer.
Some links has been found between some medications and prostate cancer.Use of cholesterol lowering drugs such asstatins may increase the jeopardy of prostate cancer.
Prostate cancer has been associated with gonorrhea and many other infectious disease.
Studies has shown that having several sexual partners or starting sexual activities earlier in life may increase the jeopardy of prostate cancer.
Another study additionally suggest that frequent ejaculation (21 times in a month)may decrease the peril of prostate cancer.
Other risk factors associated with prostate cancer are; Obesity, Race…….etc.
TREATMENT/CONTROL OF PROSTRATE CANCER
There are several ways in which prostrate cancer can be treated;
1. Use of chemotheraphy
2. Transurethral resection of the prostrate (TURP)
4. Placing the patient on Radiation therapy.
5. Early detection and treatment.
1.Diet – One must ascertain he takes lots of fruits and vegetables, tomatoes are very good for prostate cancer, it contains an active antioxidant kenned aslycopene coupled with CD4 cells to fight against the cancer cells, additionally foods opulent in zinc such as pumpkin seed and okra etc replenish zinc (which are disoriented by men in immensely colossal quantity anytime they ejaculate)
2. Lifestyle – One must maintain a stable relationship, ensure to avoid multiple partners and all what not.
3. Men should stop wearing tight under wears.
4.Exercise-like brisk ambulating