HEPATITIS B is a viral infection that assails the liver and can cause both acute and chronic diseases.
Having a chronic Hepatitis B virus may eventually lead to solemn liver diseases such as cirrhosis and liver cancer. Also,having had the infection as an infant or child increases the jeopardy of developing these illnesses as an adult and it puts you at a jeopardy of acute liver failure.
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RISK FACTORS OF HEPATITIS B VIRUS (HBV)
-Every person is in peril for infection.
-All infants at birth especially from infected mothers.
-Health care professionals and emergency personnel.
-Persons with high risk sexual comportment.
-Patients with kidney disease and undergoing dialysis.
MODE OF TRANSMISSION
-It varies with age, transmission occurs at 3 consequential times of life which are during;
birth, in early childhood and adult life.
-The virus is carried in blood and in other body fluids including saliva, tears, semen and vaginal secretions and can be transmitted from person to person through variety of denotes.
-The modes of transmission in developing countries are
- Perinatal (from mother to baby at birth)
- Early childhood infections.
- Unsafe injection practices.
- Blood transfusion.
- Sexual contact.
1. The utilization of drugs such as; Anti-viral (Iamivudine, adefovir, tenofovir etc).
2. Acute HB infection does not conventionally require treatment because most adults clear the infection spontaneously. Early antiviral treatment may only be required in fewer than 1% of patients whose infection takes a very truculent course or who are immuno compromised.
3. On the other hand treatment of chronic infection may be indispensable to reduce the jeopardy of cirrhosis and liver cancer .Although non of the drugs available can clear the infection, they can stop virus from replicating and minimize liver damage.