Tuberculosis can withal be referred to koch’s disease. It is spread through the air when people who have an active tuberculosis infection cough, sneezing or otherwise transmit respiratory fluids through the air.
There is another strain which is responsible for the disease in cattle called mycobacterium bovis which can be acquired by man through consumption of unpasteurized milk.
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RUDIMENTAL FACTS ABOUT TUBERCULOSIS
-Tuberculosis cases rapidly grew in the mid-80’s
-Tuberculosis was declared by world health organisation (WHO) as an ecumenical emergency
-In 2015 over 1.8million people died from the disease and 9million people a year get sick with tuberculosis according to (WHO).
TYPES OF TUBERCULOSIS
1. Primary tuberculosis
2. Secondary tuberculosis
This occurs mainly in children and adolescent adults. The most prevalent mode of manifestation is the lung tuberculosis. The organism enters the lung through inhalation of infected sputum. As the organism settles in the lung it multiplies and induce inflammatory reaction.
When the primary focus breaks down and spreads into the blood, the organism can spread to sundry part of the body for example the encephalon, kidneys etc to give elevate to secondary tuberculosis.
FACTORS THAT CAN LEAD TO TUBERCULOSIS IN MAN.
1. Dose of the organisms.
2. The immunity of the individual.
3. Age and sex.
4. General health of the individual.
5. Occupational factors-miners,cumbersomely hefty steel workers.
SYMPTOMS OF TUBERCULOSIS
-Chronic cough that last up to a fortnight.
-Weight loss of more than 10kg.
-Exorbitant night sweat.
-Nausea and vomitting.
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WAYS OF AVERTING TUBERCULOSIS INFECTION
Utilization of Vaccines;
The utilization of Bacillus calmette-guerin (BCG) are given to children to avail reduce the jeopardy of infection by 20% and the jeopardy of infection turning into disease by proximately 60% but the immunity it induces decreases after about 10 years.
In some extreme cases it requires extensive courses of chemotheraphy,which can be sumptuous and cause rigorous adverse drug reaction in patients.
TOP FIVE COUNTRIES WITH HIGHER TUBERCULOSIS RATES
- Africa-categorically West Africa and Sub-saharan.
- South East Asia-Pakistan,India,Bangladesh and Indonesia.
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